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Property, Real Estate and Security


The Property Operations and Real Estate Services sector includes property development, sales and management (including commercial property management), real estate services, and community and strata management. Security Services is also part of this sector.

Sectors in the industry

The Property Sales and Management sector includes property development, sales and management includes commercial property management of one or more properties, real estate services, community and strata management.

The Security sector covers investigative services, security operations such as guarding and crowd control, control room operations, risk management services and installing electronic alarm systems and providing security monitoring services.

Employer profile for the industry

In June 2016, there were 215,000 businesses operating in the sector. 190,000 of these businesses were sole operators and don’t employ people.

29,000 of these businesses employ less than 20 people. 70 businesses employ more than 200 people, with 40% of those in the security sector.

Source: ABS, Counts of Australian Businesses, Jun 2012 to Jun 2016

In the real estate sector, most businesses are small but eight companies make up 25% of the market share - LJ Hooker Ltd (4.9%), Ray White Group (4.6%), CBRE Pty Ltd (3.5%), LPI (Australia) Holdings Pty Ltd (3.2%), First National Real Estate (2.7%), Raine and Horne (Holdings) Pty Ltd (2.4%), and Colliers International Holdings (Australia) Ltd (2.2%)

Source: Artibus Innovation

Typical features of the workforce

  • 173,600 people work in the property operations and real estate sector. The Department of Jobs and Small Business projects that the total number of people working in the sector will rise by about 13.5% to 197,000 by November 2020.
  • 53,000 people work in the security sector. This is expected to grow to 58,600 by November 2020.
  • The property operators and real estate services industry is predominantly composed of full-time employees with 78% of real estate services employees full-time, and 73% of property operators also in that category.
  • The property sector is roughly evenly distributed in terms of gender, with 55% of employees overall being female. 58% of real estate services employees are female, and 47% of property managers.
  • The most common level of educational attainment for this industry was Year 12 at school (21%), followed by a Cert III or IV qualification (19%), Bachelor degree (18%), and Advanced Diploma or Diploma (17%).
  • Females make up only 18.7% of security officers and guards.
  • 68% of security officers and guards work full time.

Sources:  Artibus InnovationJob Outlook, Security Officers and Guards

Emerging sectors, future growth

New technology is having an impact in the property operations sector. New building technologies such as smart buildings and 3D technologies are helping businesses find efficiencies.

Real estate agents have their own internet presence often across platforms. Some real estate agents conduct auctions online, where participants can bid in real time.

Source: Artibus Innovation

Licensed occupations and registrations

New South Wales is the only state with a mandatory licensing requirement for strata managers.

Real Estate Agents are licensed by state and territory governments. Links for each licensing authority are:

Security licences are issued by each state and territory governments. The Australian Security Industry Association website has links to each of the regulators here.

Want to look in detail at some related sectors?

Key Occupations

Property Sales Manager

Real Estate Consultant

Real Estate Office Administrator

Security Officer

Security Equipment Installer

This industry is positioned in the following groups


Property Maintenance & Management

Work Type

Persuading & Service

Analytic & Scientific

Organising & Clerical

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Career Pathways

Property Real Estate Security has career pathways from Certificate II through to Diploma. Look at the Job Pathway Chart to see what is of interest.

Job Pathway Charts

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Further Research


Industry information is published by peak level associations, government and major employers.  Accessing industry association sites, including member lists, is a good way of building up an understanding of an industry.  Visiting employer websites and looking for careers or employment menus helps identify how employers recruit and the skills they are recruiting.

Use Google to search for the associations and organisations listed below.


  • Artibus Innovation
  • Australian Security Industry Association Ltd
  • Real Estate Institute of Australia
  • Security Providers Association of Australia Ltd
  • Strata Community Australia Ltd

Careers Sites