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Infrastructure (or Civil Construction) is part of the Resources and Infrastructure industry that covers civil infrastructure, coal mining, construction materials, and quarrying, drilling and metalliferous mining industry sectors.

Sectors in the industry

Civil Construction plays a large part in our day to day lives. People in the sector work on small or large projects building roads and motorways, subdivisions, bridgeworks, railways, harbours, sewerage and drainage, electrical infrastructure, pipelines and recreation works.

Employer profile for the industry

The Civil Construction workforce was about 78,000 in 2015 with the majority of people employed by large national and international civil construction or civil engineering companies, or contractors working with these larger companies.

The decline in mining sector investment in construction and infrastructure from 2014 onwards created a reduction in overall demand in the civil construction industry.

Government policy and initiatives are a major factor in employment in this sector.  Currently, most of the large civil projects are in NSW, Victoria and Queensland, reflecting their bigger populations and demand for infrastructure.

Source: Skills for Australia

Typical features of the workforce

  • Most people are employed full-time with part time employment less than 16%
  • Women represent 13% of the workforce
  • The workforce is generally younger than the average age of the Australian workforce with 39% between the ages of 20 to 34 years
  • Approximately 44% of the workforce holds a Certificate III or IV qualification and less than 10% hold higher education qualifications.

Source: Skills for Australia

Licensed occupations and registrations

There are statutory tickets or licences issued by State/Territory regulators for some civil construction occupations. Licensing, legislative, regulatory and certification requirements can vary between states, territories, and industry sectors.

Safe Work Australia provides links to state and territory information.

Key Occupations


Pipe Layer

Mobile Plant Operator

Construction Workers: Bridges, Road & Tunnel

This industry is positioned in the following groups


Building & Construction

Resource Mining & Processing

Work Type

Practical & Manual

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Career Pathways

The Infrastructure Sector is part of the Resources and Infrastructure industry & has career pathways from Certificate II through to Diploma. Look at the Job Pathway Chart to see what is of interest.

Job Pathway Chart

MyGain - Youtube Channel

Watch videos on apprentices in various industries and their rewarding experiences doing an apprenticeship.


Watch Barry - Civil Construction Apprentice

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Watch Jodie - Civil Construction Apprentice

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Watch Kara - Civil Construction Apprentice

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Further Research


Industry information is published by peak level associations, government and major employers. Accessing industry association sites, including member lists, is a good way of building up an understanding of an industry. Visiting employer websites and looking for careers or employment menus helps identify how employers recruit and the skills they are recruiting.

Use Google to search for the associations and organisations listed below.


  • Australian Contractors Association
  • Engineers Australia

Major Employers

  • Hansen Yunken
  • Parkview Group
  • Downer EDI
  • John Holland
  • CPB Contractors
  • BGC Group
  • Lend Lease
  • Laing O’Rourke
  • Fulton Hogan

Careers Sites