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Home Industry Information Manufacturing & Production Pulp and Paper Manufacturing Industry

Pulp and Paper Manufacturing Industry


The Pulp and Paper Manufacturing industry consists of two main sectors - pulp production and papermaking.

The industry produces products using pulp from both Australian paper recycling and sustainably managed wood sources. Most of the employment is based in no more than 20 operating mills located across the lower South Australian ‐ Victorian border, Latrobe Valley region, Melbourne metro and Tasmania, and New South Wales and South‐East Queensland.

A key growth area is environmentally friendly packaging as a growing number of products are subject to global trade due to a fast-growing global consumption and online shopping.

What does this industry cover?

  • Packaging and industrial paper
  • Personal hygiene products
  • Printing and communications paper
  • Newsprint

Industry Information

The pulp and paper manufacturing industry sector is a significant employer of people in regional and remote areas. Overall, the industry employs just under 15,000 people.

Traineeship and apprenticeship commencements in this industry are very low due to the small size of the workforce.

Employment and wage data for this industry

Apprenticeships Employment Size

This is a small industry for Australian Apprenticeship commencements. In the year to September 2018, commencements were: 0

Source: VOCSTATS, extracted on 28/03/2019AATIS analysis.

Commencements Change

Commencements in the year to September 2018 in this industry have remained stable, compared with the previous year.

Source: VOCSTATS, extracted on 28/03/2019AATIS analysis.

Apprentice Employment Outcomes

Due to a low number of Australian Apprenticeships in this industry, no data is available.

Source: NCVER National Student Outcomes Survey, 2017, unpublished. AATIS analysis.

Industry Employment Size

This is a small sized industry compared with other Australian industries.

Source: Department of Jobs and Small Business, 2018. AATIS analysis.

Industry Employment Change

Over the past 5 years, change in employment in this industry has decreased.

Source: Department of Jobs and Small Business, 2018. AATIS analysis.

Industry Wage

The average wage of all employees in this industry is medium.

Source: Department of Jobs and Small Business, 2018. AATIS analysis.

Key Occupations

Chemical Recovery Operator

Steam Generation Operator

Finishing and Converting Operator (Papermaking)

Electricity Generation Operator

Dry End Operator

This industry is positioned in the following groups


Manufacturing & Production

Work Type

Analytic & Scientific

Practical & Manual

Ready to see where the Pulp and Paper Manufacturing Industries can take you?

Career Pathways

The Pulp and Paper Manufacturing Industries has career pathways from Certificate II through to Diploma. Look at the Job Pathway Chart to see what is of interest.

Job Pathway Chart

MyGain - YouTube Channel

Watch videos on apprentices in various industries and their rewarding experiences doing an apprenticeship.


Support Services

Further Research


Industry information is published by peak level associations, government and major employers.  Accessing industry association sites, including member lists, is a good way of building up an understanding of an industry.  Visiting employer websites and looking for careers or employment menus helps identify how employers recruit and the skills they are recruiting.

Use Google to search for the associations and organisations listed below. 


  • The Australasian Pulp and Paper Technical Association


  • Department of Agriculture and Water Resources