There is a modern award to cover every industry sector. Generally all employers in the private sector are subject to the conditions in the relevant modern award.
If you are in Western Australia and your business is not incorporated you may be covered by a state award.
Modern Awards differentiate between apprenticeships and traineeships. Apprenticeships are taken to mean traditional apprenticeships in trades, for example carpentry, plumbing and motor mechanics. Traineeships are taken to mean formal training contracts in a traineeship that has been approved by a state or territory government that lead to a formal qualification relevant to the industry.
Modern Awards are generally divided into sections covering various areas such as: pay rates including classifications, allowances and overtime; ordinary hours of work; and public holidays.
They will include a section on apprenticeships and traineeships if they are relevant to the industry. This usually covers areas such as eligibility for allowances, overtime, release for training, payment of related training fees/costs and competency based pay progression.
Modern awards may also provide detail on the National Training Wage and employment of school-based apprentices and trainees.
Visit the Fair Work Ombudsman website for full details.